Excavation refers to the uncovering of the underlying substances beneath the earth’s surface. It is done for different reasons, and that results in the existence of types of excavations. Excavation of the earth has enabled man to achieve great things, including the construction of sophisticated structures and also the discovery of great things and ancient history. Moreover, it has led to the discovery of fossil fuel which has greatly transformed the transport industry.
Types of excavation techniques
The field of building and construction is the first of many that greatly benefits from the process of excavation. Excavation makes it possible to build structures in extremely difficult areas. The following are some of the common types of excavation techniques used in building and construction sites:
- Earth excavation
Earth excavation is done at the point when there is a need to lay down the foundation for the building. It involves the removal of the topsoil and the layer below to ensure that the foundation is strong and capable of supporting the weight of the building. The foundations created in such a manner include that of a storey building and bridges.
- Rock excavation
Rock excavation is applicable in construction areas covered with many rocks. Such areas need special tools to clear the rocks before actual construction starts. The common methods used in such cases include drilling, blasting, and use of excavators to carry the rocks away from the site.
- Topsoil excavation
Topsoil excavation involves the removal of the topmost materials, including vegetation, soil, and other surface matters. It does not require the use of sophisticated tools as compared to rock excavation.
- Muck excavation
Muck excavation is a process used to get rid of muck, a combination of soil and water from the construction site. The muck is carried away from the construction site or can be spread out and left to dry.
- Trench excavation
It is a kind of excavation that involves the excavation of deep lengths that exceeds the depth. Trench excavation is commonly used in laying down pipelines, sewer lines, and service lines.
Dredging involves the removal of debris and deposits that have accumulated on water over a long period that tends to make the navigation of water vessels difficult. It is also done to give way for the construction of structures underwater surface.
- Cut and fill
It is a type of excavation used to clear a large piece of land for construction purposes. It also involves grading the earth’s surface by flattening the surface.
Where do I get excavation services?
Excavation services are offered by excavation companies who have brought together all the resources needed to carry out the operation.
Nowadays, many companies offer excavation services to the public. Besides, most of them have created a website to assist in marketing their services to the market. The use of websites by such companies is a big advantage because it helps to expand the market to a global reach. Therefore, a client from a different part of the world can be impressed by the services enlisted on the website and decide to reach out to the company.
Excavation is a vital process towards building a great world with sophisticated structures. It helps man to discover great things such as precious minerals buried under the ground and the discovery of history by archaeologists. The continuous upgrade in the excavation tools has made it easier to accomplish the operations with minimum human effort.
Great strides are being accomplished by Hammer Excavations in research to come up more effective and safe processes.